Are you Storing Your Grain?

Teresa Olson
By Teresa Olson October 30, 2018 13:46


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The current markets may dictate that storing your grain is the prudent thing to do, and many farmers are positioned to handle this aspect of their operations.  Some basic tips for long-term grain storage are:

  • Preparing grain bins by cleaning out old grain and insects
  • Store mature, good-quality grain which has a better chance of handling containment for long periods
  • Dry corn and soybeans to below the storage life chart standards: 13-14% for corn and 11% soybeans
  • Improve aeration with a grain spreader or by practicing repetitive coring
  • Control the temperature, not only with good aeration systems but by using temperature cables which give you a safe way to monitor temps.
  • Keep your grain cool during the summer.  For the last 20 years the guideline is to keep grain to about 40 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Check grain often – weekly during the summer, less often in the winter.  Climb to the top of your bin and see if there is a crust or noticeable smell.
  • Watch for insects, checking for them by using insect traps.  If insects are present, treat the grain.


For those of you who need some temporary storage, here are some things to consider:

  • Before resorting to outdoor piling, consider possible spaces in farmstead buildings
  • Another storage option is to invest in a grain bagging system which costs between 5 and 7 cents per bushel, plus unloading equipment which can cost between $50-$165K
  • When creating a pad, select a location that is well drained (a 1%-2% slope).  Create the pad by mixing lime, fly ash, or cement in the soil prior to compacting it to reduce water permeability
  • If considering aeration, position ventilation ducts parallel to the long axis of a rectangular pile.  This method cools the pile’s core and make it easier to remove the corn later.  Ducts placed at the front and back ends should extend about 70 feet past the grain.
  • When building the pile, keep the drop distance from the spout of the auger to the pile at a minimum.  This will achieve maximum slope.
  • You may want to cover the pile with plastic tarps if the fall is wet and if the pile is left exposed for several months


Make sure you’re contacting your local university Extension office for more grain storage information and regional temperature recommendations.  If you don’t and it goes out of condition, you may have to sell  your corn before you’re ready.


-Terry Olson, Titan Outlet Store Team




Teresa Olson
By Teresa Olson October 30, 2018 13:46
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